Keep your cat healthy with current vaccines, especially if they play outdoors.
Rabies is transmitted by the rabies virus,which enters the body through a break in the skin, after a bite from an infected animal. It is almost always fatal. Rabies is contagious to all land mammals, including humans. It is a very serious disease and should never be taken lightly. That's why there is so much emphasis on rabies vaccinations. This vaccine is required by law for any cat that goes outdoors and will protect your indoor cat from many legal problems if he or she bites someone visiting.
Rhinotrachietis (Herpesvirus) / Calicivirus
Feline calicivirus and feline herpes virus type I are responsible for 80-90% of infectious feline upper respiratory tract diseases. Most cats are exposed to either or both of these viruses at some time in their lives. Once infected, many cats never completely rid themselves of the virus. These "carrier" cats either continuously or intermittently shed the organisms for long periods of time -- perhaps for life -- and serve as a major source of infection to other cats. Clinical signs include sneezing, runny nose and eyes, and difficulty breathing. It is transmitted from cat to cat by inhaling infective particles through the nose and mouth. The currently available vaccines will minimize the severity of upper respiratory infections, although none will prevent disease in all situations. Vaccination is highly recommended for all cats.
Feline panleukopenia (also called feline distemper) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease of cats caused by feline parvo virus. The name, panleukopenia, comes from the low white blood cell count (leukocytes) exhibited by affected animals. This disease causes severe intestinal upset, vomiting and diarrhea. The virus is transmitted by contact through the cat's mouth or nose. (Feline distemper is not the same as canine distemper. Distemper is not contagious between dogs and cats.) Due to the serious nature of the disease and the continued presence of virus in the environment, vaccination is highly recommended for all cats.
Feline Leukemia is the leading viral killer of cats. The virus is spread from cat-to-cat through bite wounds, through casual contact with infected cats, and from an infected mother cat to her kittens. The individuals most at risk of infection are outdoor cats, indoor/outdoor cats, and cats exposed to such individuals. Cats living in households with FeLV-infected cats or with cats of unknown infection status are also at risk. Indoor-only cats with no exposure to potentially infected cats are extremely unlikely to become infected. FeLV vaccines are recommended for all cats at risk of exposure to the virus.